Cape Cod, Nantucket, Marthas Vineyard (GUIDE DE VOYAGE) (French Edition)

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New York: Robert Dodd, — The Velasco map ended up in the General Archive of Simancas, where it remained forgotten until it was rediscovered by the historian Alexander Brown in Overall the map presents a remarkably accurate outline of North America. This article examines a well-known map of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada allegedly made in or around The map was uncovered in the Spanish Archives at Simancas in This article raises the possibility that the map may actually be a nineteenth-century forgery.

The map is based primarily on information found on early seventeenth-century maps, most of which were not published in , although it is possible that manuscript copies of these maps might have been available as early as The overall geographic framework of the map seems to be improbably accurate for its supposed date of creation. The map contains numerous oddities, and many features on the map do not appear on other maps made in the early seventeenth century.

Overall it seems anachronistic and it stands in isolation from other maps made around Although no single feature on the map proves beyond a doubt that it is a forgery, the overall weight of the evidence makes it seem highly probable that it is a fake. Tests on the paper, pigment, and handwriting of the map should be made to prove conclusively whether or not it is a forgery.

From the New Netherlands Institute. This version of the map itself was created The map lacks many details but has a beautiful illustration of Dutchmen trading with the Native Americans. The first map to name the region of "New England" was published by John Smith in , in an effort to promote colonization. Smith asked Prince Charles--later, Charles I--to replace the indigenous place-names with properly "English" ones. This apparently imperialist act in fact constituted only a symbolic event. Subsequent settlement by English colonists--the Pilgrims landed in was focused along the Charles River and led to several settlements; these can be seen in the version of Smith's map.

Otherwise, the European settlers imposed their own names or adapted indigenous names. Speed's map is one of the earliest maps to illustrate dramatic shift from Dutch to English dominance in the Northeast in the latter part of the 17th Century and one of the earliest to use the term New York for both Manhattan formerly New Amsterdam and New York State, as well as one of the earliest appearances of New Iarsey Jersey.

As noted by Michael Buehler, Speed's map shares the traits of many other regional maps of the period: a haphazard depiction of the St. Many of these errors can be traced far back to early 17th-century prototype maps by Samuel Champlain, Adrien Block and others. One of only a small group of English maps of New England, prior to Based on Jansson's map of , it illustrates the territories acquired by the British with the capture of New Amsterdam in , which radically adjusted the landscape of North American politics. While the map's geographical features are largely drawn from Jansson, the map's nomenclature is substantially anglicized, including the first appearance of name Boston omitted from the Jansson maps , and the use of the names New York and Cape Cod.

English settlement in the region remained quite scattered until Wells's map of that date places the region into the context of all of the English plantations in North America.

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In this respect, New England can be understood as comprising the area of English settlement east of the former Dutch colony of New Netherlands New York. Edward Wells. One of a couple of maps depicting the manner in which West Chop, or Homes Hole Neck, was subdivided among various members of the Chase family in the period before the Revolutionary War. This family hold over the entire West Chop region was important for it precluded the further sale and partitioning of the land among other families that may have settled, cleared and farmed the land as was done with East Chop and other lands in Tisbury.

As a consequence, the bulk of West Chop, other than a coastal fringe, remained entirely forested well into the twentieth century. A number of excellent versions of this map are available at the Boston Public Library. Imago Mundi One of the cartographical rarities of colonial America is a pilot guide of the northeast coast, of which only three copies are known. With the Courses and Distances from Place.

By Capt. Southack, who was for seventeen years captain of the Massachusetts Province Galley, often supplied information to his fellow captains for bringing their vessels safely into port. As sailing charts were inadequate and harbor charts non-existent, Southack undertook the task of preparing some of these essential aids to navigation. The eight maps in the Coasting Pilot contain a wealth of information gathered by Southack as he sailed up and down the coast.

There are over descriptive notes on the places named, the longest of which accompanies the inset of Louisburg Harbor on the last map. Some of the notes mention Southack's participation in the several English. Others reflect his interest in safe harbors, navigational hazards, water depths, tides and currents, as well as natural resources, potential industries, fishing grounds, fish drying sites, timber for masts and for ship building.

He had good reason to draw a strait in the vicinity of Eastham, Massachusetts, for he sailed a boat through it on April 26, , when he was commissioned to take charge of a pirate ship which had been wrecked near there. Southack was not averse to naming places for himself, so we find the present Chedabucto Bay in northeastern Nova Scotia called Southack Bay, and Monhegan Island on the coast of Maine called "Southacks Island or Monhegan", in the Coasting Pilot, though neither name has survived.

The following Persons, One Guinea each". There follow two columns of 73 names to which eight have been added in ink. Source: Library of Congress. Part of a large and diverse series of maps by Des Barres that cover the northeast region broadly from Newfoundland to New York. These range from finely detailed maps of very local features to regional charts on to coarser maps. Shown here are a number capturing the details of the coastlines and housing patterns on the Vineyard; it is important to remember that Des Barres was mostly interested in the coastline, so he often did not map the interior portions of the Island—there may have been settlements there, they are just not shown.

Colonel Joseph Frederick Wallet Des Barres — was a British cartographer, born in Switzerland and trained for the military in England who sailed to North America in as a member of the fleet that attacked the Fortress at Louisborg. His most important work was the Atlantic Neptune, a monumental atlas of maps and charts in four volumes. He died at the age of It would be great to be able to evaluate the housing, fencing, shoreline and other features for the remainder of the Island. In this view the patterns are intriguing and likely emblematic rather than accurate for most of Katama is broken into similarly sized and shaped fields bounded by fences and containing scattered houses.

Enigmatically, many of the fencelines portrayed run north to south, whereas in and today the length of fencelines running east to west is much greater. In contrast the broad details of the coastline as portrayed here matches well with that a century later.

There are incomplete patterns of fences elsewhere to the west and north along the coast, along Sengekontacket, and up towards East Chop where Des Barres showed less detail. Chappaquiddick, which is shown as a separate island with a breach near Waque Point. Details are unclear but it appears that a near connection exists between Poucha Pond and the marshes and pond at Wasque.

Source: Massachusetts Archive. From the early days of Plimoth Colony in the s the low-lying area at the base of Cape Cod had been eyed as a possible location for a canal that would allow boats travelling the coast to avoid the lengthy transit though rough waters around the Cape. Approximately a mile of land with a maximum elevation of 33 feet above sea level separated the two rivers. According to the inscription this earliest official survey of the proposed canal was undertaken by Thomas Machin under the direction of the General County, James Bowdoin Chairman.

Washington subsequently directed Machin to undertake other military surveys and the canal project was abandoned. Source: Norman B. The surveys of this coastline began in , and were performed by engineers working under the supervision of Samuel Holland. With the inclusion of numerous soundings, the chart is able to convey the depth of the sea at various places in a two-dimensional form. Modern nautical charts use the same placement of soundings along coastlines to inform navigators of underwater dangers.

It was imperative for 18th century mariners to have such safety information, as navigation of intricate and unknown coasts could be perilous.

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This is the full map where the windmill zoom-in image came from. The map come from J. Hector St. Most of the land is depicted as broken into a handful of extremely large pastures separated by fences. A fulling mill for making woolen cloth from the large sheep herd is depicted and cultivated fields occur to the west of the harbor. The numbers scattered across the island refer to a legend and list of place names that are depicted on the low resolution French-titled version of the map.

Crevecoeur — was a French — American writer who immigrated to New France in and subsequently moved to New York where he became a citizen and purchased a large and prosperous farm. Relocating to London in the early s he published his series of essays Letters from an American Farmer, which became a major success. The work described American life, principles, and character to Europeans in terms of the new country. Crevecoeur had many important American friends, including Benjamin Franklin.

According to local legend St. Johnsbury, Vermont was named by Ethan Allen, who proposed St. John to honor his friend De Crevecoeur. De Crevecoeur suggested St. Johnsbury to differentiate it from Saint John, New Brunswick. See Large woodlands are depicted across the Great Plain, down towards Pohogonot, and out on Chappaquiddick. Squibnocket and Katama are referred to as sheep pastures, peat lands presumably important as a source of fuel , are identified in Chilmark towards the shore of Menemsha Pond where there are large swamps west of State Road and out on Gay Head.

The Poucha Pond salt marshes are not depicted. Though it is reported that De Crevecoeur relied extensively on correspondence for some of the details in the map one gets the strong sense that he examined the Island closely on his visit. Penikese is shown as aligned with the rest of the chain of islands, and Woods Hole is reported as 90 houses. A fulling mill is depicted and cultivated fields occur to the west of the harbor.

Source: Library of Congress; Norman B. Penikese is shown as aligned with the rest of the chain of islands and Woods Hole is reported as 90 houses. Although much more elaborate and detailed than their predecessors, the early nineteenth century plans for the Cape Cod Canal were no more successful in getting the project completed.

Construction did not begin until In the legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts required that every town produce a map showing the features of its land. The majority of towns responded with products of variable quality that are especially of ecological interest as they depict land cover forest, open agriculture, wetland , roads, houses and occasionally other features such as pine plains, mills, ponds and streams. The Harvard Forest assembled all of the available maps from the Massachusetts State Archives, interpreted and digitized these and made them broadly available for use in academic and applied studies see Harvard Forest Map.

Since the mapping was done as the landscape approached its peak of forest clearing and agricultural land use, the resulting charts provide key insights into arguably the most important historical processes that continue to shape the forests today. As a consequence, wide use has been made of these, including incorporation of the widely employed state BioMap project that identifies the biodiversity priorities for land protection across the state.

To our knowledge Massachusetts is the only state in the US where detailed land cover information was comprehensively mapped at such an early date. While some towns hired local surveyors to meet the state mandate many others commissioned accomplished surveyors and cartographers for this work. Henry Crapo — , who produced maps on the Vineyard, including this version for Chappaquiddick lay somewhere between these extremes. Born in Dartmouth , Massachusetts he lived in New Bedford into the s and was a land surveyor, auctioneer, town clerk and collector of taxes who developed a advanced ability as a map and chart maker.

The map of Chappaquiddick is fairly detailed in terms of land cover and some aspects of land use as it shows the separation of Indian lands to the north, major roads, some fences, extensive woodlands and salt marshes, and place names. Much more could be done with a better version of this map. Subsequently, Crapo was drawn by investments in pine forests to Flint, Michigan where he became mayor and eventually developed a thriving timber industry and became heavily invested in lucrative railroad businesses.

He ultimately served as governor of Michigan from — The topographical survey was conducted in Notation on the map from indicates that Sheet No. The obliterated portions were restored from chart no. A much refined and colored chart drawn from the Island-wide survey overseen by H.

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Whiting who was still an assistant at this time. Maury served as Superintendent of the U. Navy Depot of Charts and Instruments U. Observatory and collected information such as logs from whaling ships to depict the distribution of major types of whales, including the variation in their seasonal distribution. These maps have been used extensively with other sources to study the historical distribution, abundance and depletion of whale populations. Depicts the triangulation approach that was used for mapping, from Massachusetts to Portland, Maine.

One of the many maps from among the state, county, and town maps produced by Henry F. Walling of New York City. The colorful map, in which adjoining towns are distinguished by different colors, is most notable by the fact that the owners of houses and other buildings are identified and industries and uses such as gristmills, shops, schools, fisheries,. Detailed insets of each town and village center provide considerable detail that, among other things are helpful in locating the various buildings associated with Dr. The version has considerably less detail.

Henry F. Walling was one of the most prolific and accomplished commercial map publishers in the U. In the s and 60s, he focused on mapping of Massachusetts, first producing detailed maps of Massachusetts towns and then a set of wall-size Massachusetts county maps. Coast Survey.

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Thus, it appears that Walling utilized existing state and federal data to play out the topographical and substantial geographical data for his mapping and then filled in details through ground-based work by himself and his staff. Later in his career Walling worked for the U. Coast and Geodetic Survey and then the U. Geological Survey, primarily on projects related to the mapping of New England and the Appalachians.

Coastal Survey and was the basis for producing the H. Whiting map. The topographical work comes from the late s and the hydrography derives from the early s. Marindin , hydrographer who provided the details on the bathymetry for the map. As related in The Meeting of Land and Sea, Mitchell and Whiting used this and subsequent work on the Vineyard, Katama Bay, and the opening at Norton Point to explain the broad dynamics of coastal erosion and the specific details of the forces that open and maintain, or lead to the closure of the bays and ponds on the south shore of the Vineyard.

These studies are related in a series of U. As noted on this map this specific chart relates to the report for The release of the report was delayed when the original was destroyed in the great Boston Fire of , which destroyed 65 acres of downtown Boston. Aspects of the long-standing research by these two men are apparent in the details and insets of this map. From Whiting these include the light tracing of the position of the southern opening of Katama Bay , , and vertical cross-sections of the barrier beach that seals the bay along with comparative cross-sections from the barrier beach at the Nantucket haulover and at Scituate on Cape Cod.

His inset graph comparing the tides inside and out served to bolster his explanation that the opening in the barrier beach was maintained by the tremendous erosive forces of the currents that sweep through that narrow channel, driven by the height differential of the water inside and outside the bay. Though it is reported that De Crevecoeur relied extensively on correspondence for some of the details in the map one gets the strong sense that he examined the Island closely on his visit. Penikese is shown as aligned with the rest of the chain of islands, and Woods Hole is reported as 90 houses.

A fulling mill is depicted and cultivated fields occur to the west of the harbor. Source: Library of Congress; Norman B. Penikese is shown as aligned with the rest of the chain of islands and Woods Hole is reported as 90 houses. Although much more elaborate and detailed than their predecessors, the early nineteenth century plans for the Cape Cod Canal were no more successful in getting the project completed.

Construction did not begin until In the legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts required that every town produce a map showing the features of its land. The majority of towns responded with products of variable quality that are especially of ecological interest as they depict land cover forest, open agriculture, wetland , roads, houses and occasionally other features such as pine plains, mills, ponds and streams. The Harvard Forest assembled all of the available maps from the Massachusetts State Archives, interpreted and digitized these and made them broadly available for use in academic and applied studies see Harvard Forest Map.

Since the mapping was done as the landscape approached its peak of forest clearing and agricultural land use, the resulting charts provide key insights into arguably the most important historical processes that continue to shape the forests today. As a consequence, wide use has been made of these, including incorporation of the widely employed state BioMap project that identifies the biodiversity priorities for land protection across the state.

To our knowledge Massachusetts is the only state in the US where detailed land cover information was comprehensively mapped at such an early date. While some towns hired local surveyors to meet the state mandate many others commissioned accomplished surveyors and cartographers for this work. Henry Crapo — , who produced maps on the Vineyard, including this version for Chappaquiddick lay somewhere between these extremes.

Born in Dartmouth , Massachusetts he lived in New Bedford into the s and was a land surveyor, auctioneer, town clerk and collector of taxes who developed a advanced ability as a map and chart maker. The map of Chappaquiddick is fairly detailed in terms of land cover and some aspects of land use as it shows the separation of Indian lands to the north, major roads, some fences, extensive woodlands and salt marshes, and place names. Much more could be done with a better version of this map. Subsequently, Crapo was drawn by investments in pine forests to Flint, Michigan where he became mayor and eventually developed a thriving timber industry and became heavily invested in lucrative railroad businesses.

He ultimately served as governor of Michigan from — The topographical survey was conducted in Notation on the map from indicates that Sheet No. The obliterated portions were restored from chart no. A much refined and colored chart drawn from the Island-wide survey overseen by H. Whiting who was still an assistant at this time. Maury served as Superintendent of the U. Navy Depot of Charts and Instruments U. Observatory and collected information such as logs from whaling ships to depict the distribution of major types of whales, including the variation in their seasonal distribution.

These maps have been used extensively with other sources to study the historical distribution, abundance and depletion of whale populations. Depicts the triangulation approach that was used for mapping, from Massachusetts to Portland, Maine. One of the many maps from among the state, county, and town maps produced by Henry F. Walling of New York City.

The colorful map, in which adjoining towns are distinguished by different colors, is most notable by the fact that the owners of houses and other buildings are identified and industries and uses such as gristmills, shops, schools, fisheries,. Detailed insets of each town and village center provide considerable detail that, among other things are helpful in locating the various buildings associated with Dr. The version has considerably less detail.

Henry F. Walling was one of the most prolific and accomplished commercial map publishers in the U. In the s and 60s, he focused on mapping of Massachusetts, first producing detailed maps of Massachusetts towns and then a set of wall-size Massachusetts county maps. Coast Survey. Thus, it appears that Walling utilized existing state and federal data to play out the topographical and substantial geographical data for his mapping and then filled in details through ground-based work by himself and his staff.

Later in his career Walling worked for the U. Coast and Geodetic Survey and then the U. Geological Survey, primarily on projects related to the mapping of New England and the Appalachians. Coastal Survey and was the basis for producing the H. Whiting map. The topographical work comes from the late s and the hydrography derives from the early s.

Marindin , hydrographer who provided the details on the bathymetry for the map. As related in The Meeting of Land and Sea, Mitchell and Whiting used this and subsequent work on the Vineyard, Katama Bay, and the opening at Norton Point to explain the broad dynamics of coastal erosion and the specific details of the forces that open and maintain, or lead to the closure of the bays and ponds on the south shore of the Vineyard. These studies are related in a series of U.


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As noted on this map this specific chart relates to the report for The release of the report was delayed when the original was destroyed in the great Boston Fire of , which destroyed 65 acres of downtown Boston. Aspects of the long-standing research by these two men are apparent in the details and insets of this map. From Whiting these include the light tracing of the position of the southern opening of Katama Bay , , and vertical cross-sections of the barrier beach that seals the bay along with comparative cross-sections from the barrier beach at the Nantucket haulover and at Scituate on Cape Cod.

His inset graph comparing the tides inside and out served to bolster his explanation that the opening in the barrier beach was maintained by the tremendous erosive forces of the currents that sweep through that narrow channel, driven by the height differential of the water inside and outside the bay. Source: Detail photographed on the dining room table of Nancy Weaver and David Dandridge who live on the edge of Oklahoma.

The planned community at Oklahoma was one of many that struggled to get built and did not deliver on the investment return anticipated. This original plan would have placed about homes on this oftentimes steep and rugged section of Vineyard Haven that lies delightfully hidden between Lagoon Pond and the Vineyard Haven-Edgartown Road. Surveyor Richard L. Pease, nephew of Jeremiah Pease, undertook considerable work on the Vineyard, and was much involved in major development plans such as Lagoon Heights.

Pease teamed up again with Civil Engineer John Mullin to produce this map showing the detailed layout for Lagoon Heights on the eastern side of Lagoon Pond. In addition to the fine detail on the proposed development, which includes a cliff ramble, bath houses, and insets of some prospective structures along with numerous parks, the left side of the map contains a view from the site across the Lagoon towards West Chop. The scene captured in this time of extensive deforestation and intensive maritime activity is of a wide open landscape, a dozen or more large ships at anchor off Eastville with its strip of houses and other structures, and a solitary building situated on the northeast corner of the Lagoon.

The value of this plan lies in its insights into the larger landscape as well as the expansive proposals for development on the Vineyard. Although construction did proceed and Barnes Road swings around this area today, many of the proposed details never materialized.

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The approach he took was to use good design and to include simple detail of the topography, soundings and other features. The oblique angle of this map provides a tremendous perspective on the character of the landscape across the broader area of East Chop, the north end of the Lagoon, Vineyard Haven, and out onto West Chop in Eastville remains thriving with two wharfs — New York and Norris named for Howes Norris ; the detailed insets help interpret the busy scene in Oak Bluff with the two tabernacles, Union Chapel, Cottage City and Highlands wharfs, and many hotels including the Highland House adjacent the Agassiz Summer Institute; to the south the road traversed Island Lake Farm Pond in the direction of a much exaggerated Lagoon Heights and to the west of town most of the area between Eastville, the Lagoon and the Heights remained empty; towards Vineyard Haven the Beach Road was fully connected over a bridge and two small bridges or walkways provided access out towards Cedar Neck; and out on West Chop the land remained largely forested.

The details for the Lagoon Heights development owned and marketed by the Lagoon Heights Land Company, State Street in Boston, are fleshed out well beyond those on the map by Pease. Many modern streets are depicted — among them Lindon, California, Columbia, Washington and Pennsylvania Avenues — but Maine has become Barnes Road and Front Street has been reduced to just a vestige of a planned formal eastern end to the new neighborhood.

See progress map of Includes an inset of progress around Lake Champlain. The USCGS remapped the coastline approximately every 30 years or so, thus their maps are a valuable source of information about changing coastlines, ocean depths, wetlands, and development patterns. These maps have been used by scientists across the United States to understand both the historical past and modern environmental challenges. Past the glory days of whaling and Dr. Notable features include the railroad smoking its way across the Katama Plain towards its rail station near the current County Jail located on the old site of Dr.

Historical Maps

Among the many striking aspects of this map is the contrast between the tightly developed qualities of the Oak Bluffs, Campground, and Highlands areas and locations further out on East Chop or back down towards Lagoon Heights where Prospect House is the distinguishing feature. The accompanying description below provides much information on this map within the context of the larger effort by NOAA to make the work of the Coastal Survey widely available.

Notes on the map indicate that this was first published in , the topography was conducted by H. Whiting and W. Vinal between and , and the map was published in The rescue effort concluded in and hard copies of those documents are available at the National Archives. Today, NOAA continues scanning efforts with partners such as the Library of Congress to fill holes in the Collection and ensure that the best digital copy of our maps and charts are available.

We strongly recommend that you visually verify the accuracy of the supplemental information provided by comparing it against the scanned document. All we ask is that you cite the website in some way. The preferred format for citation is as follows:. As part of its regular operations the U. Army Corps of Engineers regularly took on assignments of evaluating proposals to build coastal protection and improve harbor, oftentimes generating detailed plans, costs estimates, and recommendations. In the case of this spectacular proposal to construct a 2-mile long breakwater across the mouth of Vineyard Harbor which was not approved.

The declining traffic through Vineyard Sound and past the Island as well as the long-standing proposal to construct a canal across the base of Cape Cod did not justify the extraordinary expense. This and other versions of the map and plan are all that remain of a project that came too late and brought too little return to be pursued. The modern reality is a mixture of plan and alternatives.

Much of the data was collected three to five decades before publication. This plan by the U. Corps of Engineers laid out a proposal to strengthen the seawalls along the outer stretches of East and West Chops. The continual erosion at these locations had been measured by Henry Whiting and identified as a long-term threat as the southern recession of these headlands had the effect of decreasing the protected area of mooring within the harbor. This project was subsequently undertaken and effective shoreline protection was installed. An updated chart showing the waters and coastline of the Vineyard.

Through time, the USCGS surveys become less and less concerned with features on land and tend to have more detail for mariners. The map by G. Eldridge is considered decorative rather than detailed and is sold as a reproduction in Vineyard shops today. In addition to main roads, regional ferry routes, and major sights, the map identifies the locations of a number of major landowners e.

It has at least one glaring error: Duartes Pond is both mis-spelled and incorrectly located much further west of the head of Lagoon Pond than it occurs. Background on Eldridge and his related map are provided by Boston Rare Maps. The version provides a few names of the houses of local residents but omits the camps and large estates. Eldridge of Chatham, Mass. In contrast to the complex charts issued by the U. A second edition of the map appeared in with a number of changes and additions and is much more common than the first edition offered here.

PhD Thesis Harvard University. This map depicts the clay exposures that Wigglesworth located during his fieldwork and is interpreted by David R. Foster and mapped in the book as indicating the location of open pits where clay was dug for various industrial and commercial uses, presumably largely at the Paint Mill on Roaring Brook. As such, it is the only guide that the author is aware of to the location of clay pits, which were widespread on the western moraine.

Black and white photographs from the thesis depict many of these pits in various states of use and vegetation regrowth when abandoned. After producing his classic study on the Vineyard with his mentor Professor J. A map made most interesting by the fact that it provides detail on the landscape in the late s. This is a time when we also have the first aerial photographs available. Note the forested condition of West Chop. The photographs are notable in displaying the forested nature of West Chop and the early stages of land clearance and development for Mink Meadow Golf Course, the electrical transmission lines coming from Woods Hole, and housing.

Search form Search. Useful Resources for map discovery Norman B. World Map detail Description the same as above.

New France. Northeastern Coast. David Allen, Stony Brook University This article examines a well-known map of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada allegedly made in or around New England. New England Detail. Description the same as above. New England and New York.


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The map is richly embellished with various animals in the interior of the map, two compass roses, two cartouches and a coat of arms. New England and New York Detail. Transcribed version of his annotated map of Martha's Vineyard. Some of the notes mention Southack's participation in the several English expeditions against the French in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton.

The Atlantic Neptune. Source: Library of Congress Part of a large and diverse series of maps by Des Barres that cover the northeast region broadly from Newfoundland to New York. On East Chop houses are concentrated up at Eastville. Source: Massachusetts Archive From the early days of Plimoth Colony in the s the low-lying area at the base of Cape Cod had been eyed as a possible location for a canal that would allow boats travelling the coast to avoid the lengthy transit though rough waters around the Cape.

See for a later and much more detailed plan of the proposed canal. The heavily forested condition of West Chop is apparent, extending right from the very edge of town. Eastville was a small thriving village with a single small wharf. Note the location of the wreck off the dock in Holmes Hole and the detailed farm and garden fields shown at the western edge of town.

Global Whaling Chart. Note the legend showing different whale species. Sketch of the progress of the Survey Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket Counties. The colorful map, in which adjoining towns are distinguished by different colors, is most notable by the fact that the owners of houses and other buildings are identified and industries and uses such as gristmills, shops, schools, fisheries, Detailed insets of each town and village center provide considerable detail that, among other things are helpful in locating the various buildings associated with Dr.

Edgartown Harbor and Cotamy Bay.


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