Restricted items include:. Prohibitions 5.
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An Post shall have no obligation to return the Postal Packet to the sender or to deliver it. An Post may dispose of it as it thinks fit and shall incur no liability to the sender. This definition refers to cultures prepared for the intentional generation of pathogens and does not include cultures intended for diagnostic and clinical purposes. The return address of the sender shall appear on the top left hand corner of the address side of the Postal Packet, and the sender shall indicate on the outside of the Postal Packet which biological substances the Postal Packet contains in the manner required by An Post.
Prohibited and restricted items Prohibited items To ensure the safety of its customers, employees and the general public, An Post prohibits or restricts the sending of certain potentially hazardous items. An Post tries to facilitate customers where possible and may carry prohibited items provided: You fully comply with our special requirements You meet any insurance requirements fully You indemnify An Post against all claims which may be made against you An Post has agreed in writing to carry such items Restricted items An Post restricts a number of items on both its national and international postal services.
The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity. Article structure. Introduction State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis. Authors are encouraged to read the helpful notes on statistics applied in the planning of experiments and assessment of results in the field of food science and technology.
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Discussion This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Appendices If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.
Highlights Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point.
You can view example Highlights on our information site. Graphical abstract A graphical abstract is mandatory for this journal. It should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article.
Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site. Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration Services to ensure the best presentation of their images also in accordance with all technical requirements. Abbreviations Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote.
Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. Formatting of funding sources List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements:. It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Math formulae Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.
Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text if referred to explicitly in the text. A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available. You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here. Formats If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application Word, PowerPoint, Excel then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. Figure captions Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title not on the figure itself and a description of the illustration.
Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Web references As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.
Web references can be listed separately e. References in a special issue Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list and any citations in the text to other articles in the same Special Issue. Reference style Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association.
List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author s in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc. Examples: Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer, J. The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, , 51— Reference to a journal publication with an article number: Van der Geer, J.
Heliyon , 19 , e Reference to a book: Strunk, W. The elements of style. New York: Longman, Chapter 4.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. Smith Eds. New York: E-Publishing Inc. Reference to a website: Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. Reference to a dataset: [dataset] Oguro, M. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions.
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Reference to a conference paper or poster presentation: Engle, E. Data visualization Include interactive data visualizations in your publication and let your readers interact and engage more closely with your research. Follow the instructions here to find out about available data visualization options and how to include them with your article. Research data This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles.
Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project. Data linking If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.
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For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect. Mendeley Data This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository.
During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online. Data statement To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential.
The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page. Online proof correction Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our online proofing system, allowing annotation and correction of proofs online. Web-based proofing provides a faster and less error-prone process by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors. If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version.